Supported by European Union
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Project 7FP CLOSER
Connecting LOng and Short distance networks for Efficient tRansport

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Project - Description

General description:

CLOSER is a project co-funded by the European Commission FP7.

The purpose of CLOSER is to build upon existing research and practice, developing innovative tools for the analysis of interfaces, check these tools in a number of case studies, and make specific recommendations to stakeholders in order to get:


  1. A more systematic approach to the whole project cycle of interfaces (from planning to design and operation).
  2. Specific guidelines for decision makers in order to cope with the challenges of a particular project, and to get the most out of the opportunities that each project offer in the areas of transport, spatial, and economic development.
  3. A friendlier regulatory environment; fostering cooperation and supporting better integrated interfaces.
  4. Improved mechanisms for funding those concepts with a higher degree of integration (including EU funding schemes).
  5. In-depth involvement of stakeholders, particularly transport operators.

This is in line with the definition of the topic TPT.2008.13 in the Work scheme, which deals with the development and analysis of new mobility schemes and related organisational patterns at the interface and interconnection between long distance transport networks and local/regional transport networks of all modes.

Key data:

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Project Coordination:

Fraunhofer-Gesellschaft Institut für Verkehrs und Infrastruktursysteme - FhG IVI.
Ingrid Nagel




  • Institut français des sciences et technologies des transports, de l'aménagement et des réseaux (IFSTTAR)
  • Transportøkonomisk institutt TOI
  • Eurogrant GmbH
  • Valtion Teknillinen Tutkimuskeskus – (VTT)
  • Centrum dopravního výzkumu v.v.i (CDV )
  • Centre for Research and Technology Hellas / Hellenic Institute of Transport –(CERTH/HIT)
  • Vilniaus Gedimino technikos universitetas / Transporto mokslo institutas (VGTU-TMI)

Project co-funded by the European Commission within the Seventh Framework Programme (2007- 2013)


Collaborative Project (Small or medium-scale focused research project)

Contract number 234180

Project Start Date: 1st January 2010, Project Duration: 3 years


Among the most discussed topics in Europe today is the issue of how our daily activities affect energy efficiency, safety, and the environment and mobility and transportation are at the top of agenda when looking for potential improvements.


The European Transport Policy (COM(2006)314 final) proposes the concept of co-modality as an essential instrument to achieve a high level of mobility and environmental protection. Co-modality is defined as the efficient use of different transport modes on their own as well as their combination.

The existing transport system still remains far away from that concept. The interface between long and short-distance transport in a door-to-door trip remains frequently the weak link in the transport chain for both passengers and freight transport. The current situation favours to choose uni-modal solutions by users, and handicaps the development of more competitive and more sustainable transport chains. In addition, this situation reduces the number of alternatives available to users, such as innovative services, intermodal transport. The users have to cope with complex, expensive and non-efficient operations in these interfaces.

The outcomes of CLOSER project will address these issues.

Technical Level

Improve existing knowledge in the field of operation of intermodal long-to-short-distance interfaces, by:

  • Providing the tools for the characterisation of those interfaces, including the development of key indicators which should facilitate the characterisation of interchanges, and help to identify the associated opportunities for sustainable development associated in each case.


  • Streamlining the project cycle, including financial aspects, by identifying key barriers and obstacles within the process.
  • Customising research results in the form of ad hoc recommendations and guidelines for each group of stakeholders.
  • Consolidating results from previous research projects and updating the discussion of future trends.

Decision making level

The development of a supporting framework produced by CLOSER should help to:

  • Identify and analyse new, emerging mobility patterns for interurban, long distance intermodal passenger and freight transport, and what these new patterns demand from the long/ short distance interface.


  • Identify and disseminate best practices in a systematic way.
  • Establish a number of indicators which should help practitioners to categorize the long/short distance interface issue, so that they could propose decision-makers a more standardized approach to the definition of the interface well in advance within the project cycle.
  • Support decision makers with guidelines to adopt a more systematic approach to the whole project cycle of interfaces, and their management.
  • Optimise the actions of the European Commission, and of National, Regional and Local Administrations through a number of recommendations concerning their role in supporting and funding improvement schemes for interfaces, and reform current regulatory frameworks.
  • Facilitate cooperation among stakeholders, and integrate users’ needs in the core of decision-making and operation process.


Events & News
D6.1 Guidance and recommendations for interconnection between long distance and local/regional passenger transport
Deliverable D6.1  [ 2.11 MB]
D6.2 Decision-Making Guidebook for the Ineterconnection between Short and Long-Distance Transport Networks
Deliverable D6.2  [ 1.79 MB]

more news…